Other Crafts

RECORD FLIGHT: The pathfinder solar-powered remotely piloted aircraft climbs to a record-setting altitude of 50,500 feet during a flight Sept. 11, 1995, at NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, Calif. The flight was part of the NASA ERAST (Environmental Research Aircraft and Sensor Technology) program in support of the agency's Mission to Planet Earth effort to study and protect the environment. The Pathfinder was designed and built by AeroVironment Inc., Monrovia, Calif. Solar arrays cover nearly all of the upper wing surface and produce electricity to power the aircraft's six motors. The aircraft is controlled from a ground station. Target for the current round of testing, expected to end by October, 1995, is to fly the nearly 100-foot wide craft to an altitude of about 65,000 feet on a flight that could last up to 16 hours, with a landing on Rogers Dry Lake at night. The flight Sept. 12 was nearly 12 hours long and set a new altitude record for solar-powered aircraft. The old mark was 14,000 feet.

BRIDGING THE GAP: NASA's unmanned, remotely controlled aircraft, Perseus, flies over Rogers Dry Lake on it's maiden voyage Dec. 21, 1993, at the Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, Calif. The Perseus, designed and built by Aurora Flight Sciences Corp., Manassas, Va., was towed into the air by a ground vehicle. At about 700 ft. the aircraft was released and the engine turned the propeller to take the plane to it's desired altitude. Perseus is designed to carry scientific payloads to high altitudes to study atmospheric conditions. The data collected will bridge a gap between measurements from NASA research aircraft and space based science experiments.

LIFTING BODIES: The wingless, lifting body aircraft sitting on Rogers Dry Lakebed at what is now NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, Calif., from left to right are the X-24A, M2-F3 and the HL-10. The lifting body aircraft studied the feasibility of maneuvering and landing an aerodynamic craft designed for reentry from space. These lifting bodies were air launched by a B-52 mother ship, then flew powered by thier own rocket engines before making an unpowered approach and landing. They helped validate the concept that a space shuttle could make accurate landings without power. The X-24A flew from April 17, 1969, to June 4, 1971. The M2-F3 flew from June 2, 1970, until Dec. 21, 1971. The HL-10 flew from Dec. 22, 1966, until July 17, 1970, and logged the highest and fastest records in the lifting body program.

TEST TEAM: This converted B-29 bomber air launches a D-558-2 "Skyrocket" in the skies above the flight research facility that became the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center, at Edwards, CA. The D-558-2 program investigated the flight characteristics of a swept-wing aircraft at high supersonic speeds, with particular attention given to the problem of "pitch-up", a phenomenon often encountered by airplanes of this configuration. Douglas test pilot John Martin was at the controls for the maiden flight on February 4, 1948. National Advisory Committe for Aeronautics (NACA) test pilot Scott Crossfield became the first man to fly faster than twice the speed of sound when he piloted the D-558-2 to it's maximum speed of 1,291 mph on November 20, 1953. The Skyrocket set many records for it's day, including a peak altitude of 83,235 feet set by USMC Lt. Col. Marion Carl.